Microbiology, as a Basic and Applied Science, has been recognized as a significant scientific field with consequences in many areas of human welfare, including Medicine, Agriculture, Biotechnology, and Bioinformatics. The twenty-first century is regarded as the era of biotechnology. This field is bringing about significant improvements in all aspects of human life. Biotechnology's fundamental tools are microorganisms and microbial methods. This discipline is highly valued in basic and applied research around the world. More than half of all global investments in industrial research are in this field, indicating that future industrial growth will be in this direction. Environmental concern and the search for eco-friendly technologies eventually lead to the biological methods. Agriculture, pest control, vector control, and waste management were all significantly reliant on chemical industry in the past. Microbial alternatives are increasingly being developed and are replacing chemical techniques. In the present world scenario education is orienting to have a job value and Universities and academic institutions are remodeling their curriculum to satisfy this social demand.
Students with a strong interest in microbiology can pursue careers in industry, academia, or research. Medical Microbiology, Industrial Microbiology, Plant or Animal Biotechnology, Food and Dairy Microbiology, Immunology, Clinical Virology, Sanitation Microbiology, Biochemistry, Pharmaceutical Microbiology, Environmental Microbiology, Genetic Engineering, Molecular Biology, or Bioinformatics are all options for further studies. They can also pursue a career in any of these fields, as there are numerous industries that demand Microbiologists. Furthermore, if they are interested in a research career, they can pursue it without difficulty because most modern Biological researches require proficiency in Microbiological procedures, either directly or indirectly.